Epidemics are frequently the most common causes of death during wartime. The two world wars were no exception. Hence all nations involved had to constantly battle the carriers of the pathogens. The techniques used by the Germans during WWII to kill the carriers of the greatest killer behind the German frontline – typhus – are described in the papers listed here. These contributions also address the deliberate misrepresentation by the Allies of these German efforts to save lives by depicting them as methods of mass murder.