Modern (>1900)

The Late Modern and contemporary era from the end of the 19th century to today.



Faces of the Enemy: Reflections of the Hostile Imagination, by Sam Keen. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1986. Hb., 199 pp., illustrated, $19.45; ISBN 0-06-250471-1. (Pb., 1988, illustrated, $12.95; ISBN 0-06-250467-3.) Faces of the Enemy is a collection of over three hundred political cartoons, posters and artwork showing how enemies …

Good Morning from the Zundelsite! Every once in a while, I get reports from comrades in other countries, speaking with respect and admiration of the quiet but persistent work of a group of nationalist Romanians. I know that, on occasion, some of my ZGrams were translated and reprinted there, and …

The focus of this paper is the oppression and persecution which the rulers of the Soviet Union have inflicted on the Baltic nation of Latvia, from its declaration of independence in 1918 to the present day. The Red Army has invaded and occupied Latvia three times in the past seventy …

Concerning constitutions, Montesquieu wrote in volume IX of his work Esprit des lois: "Some...have as their purpose...the gorification of the State ( "la gloire de 1'état" ), others the political freedom of the citizen." If an unbiased observer studies those nations of the world which have succeeded in retaining their …

The Second Oldest Profession: Spies and Spying in the Twentieth Century, by Phillip Knightley. New York: Penguin Books edition, 1988; xii, 436 pp., photographs and index, $7.95, ISBN 0-14-010655-3. People over-impressed by spies and espionage are fond of quoting the observation attributed to Napoleon that a spy "in the right …

Brothers Against the Raj: A Biography of Indian Nationalists Sarat and Subhas Chandra Bose, by Leonard A. Gordon. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990. Softcover. 807 pages. Photographs. Notes. Bibliography. Index. $25.00. ISBN 0-231-07443-3. Srinidhi Anantharamiah was born in 1967 in Bombay, India. He holds a bachelor's degree from Rutgers …

The Wanderers, by Ingrid Rimland. Stockton, Calif.: Crystal Books (2731 Lost Creek Court, Stockton, CA 95207), 1988. Softcover. 304 pages. Most Journal readers are at least sketchily aware of the vast and criminal expulsions of more than 14 million Germans from their ancestral homes in the heart of Europe, planned, …

Andrew Montgomery is the pen name of a doctoral candidate in twentieth century history. Last year he was awarded a Master's Degree in history with high honors. A research associate of a US government historical research institute, he is currently working on a doctoral dissertation on the deployment of the …

Tomislav Sunic was born in Zagreb, Croatia, in 1953. He studied French and English at the University of Zagreb before taking a Master’s degree at California State University, Sacramento, in 1985. He received a doctorate in political science in 1988 from the University of California, Santa Barbara. He has taught …

It is the authors' observation that most people make the mistake of not considering socio-political phenomena in their natural context in order to discover the legitimate causes, the true sense of their development, and especially their importance in the environment which fostered them. Carried away by the passion of political …

Donald Neff is the author of several books on US-Middle East relations, including the 1995 study, Fallen Pillars: U.S. Policy Toward Palestine and Israel Since 1945, and his 1988 Warriors trilogy. This article is reprinted from the July 1996 issue of The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (P.O. Box …

A Place Apart, by Dervla Murphy, Devin-Adair Company, 290pp. hardback, $15.00. ISBN: 0-8159-6516-8. The "place apart" to which Ms. Murphy refers is that much maligned and misunderstood part of the world, Northern Ireland. After many trips cycling in and to India, Nepal, Pakistan and Ethiopia, the Irish authoress suddenly realized …

Mark Weber, director of the Institute for Historical Review, was born and raised in Portland, Oregon. He was educated at Portland State University, the University of Illinois (Chicago), the University of Munich, and Indiana University (Bloomington). He has been editor of The Journal for Historical Review since April 1992. This …

The main argument which I seek to establish in this paper falls into three parts and can be summarized as follows: The history of South Africa, since shortly before the beginning of the Anglo-Boer War in 1899, epitomizes the history of the world over the same period\. The world revolutionary …

It Happened in Our Lifetime by John Phillips. N.Y. and Toronto: Little, Brown & Company, 1985, copyright by Time, Inc., 277 pp., illustrated with 445 black & white photos, $24.95, ISBN 0-316-70609-4. In 1985 John Phillips published his It Happened In Our Lifetime: A Memoir in Words and Pictures. The …

Alexander Solschenitsyn, "200 Jahre zusammen." Die russisch-jüdische Geschichte 1795-1916 (200 Years Together. The Russian-Jewish History 1795-1916), Herbig, Munich 2002, 560 pp., €34.90; "Zweihundert Jahre zusammen," Die Juden in der Sowjetunion (200 Years Together. The Jews in the Soviet Union), ibidem, 2003, 608 pp., €39.90. It may be said without hesitation …

James Alexander is the pen name of a West coast writer on political and historical topics. His articles and reviews have appeared in a variety of magazines, newspapers and scholarly journals. His review essay about the life and work of British historian J.F.C. Fuller appeared in the May-June 1993 Journal. …

These are trying days for Russia. The privations and sufferings endured by her people are all the more tragic because this is a potentially wealthy and powerful nation with a long and proud history. Contrary to the optimistic hopes and expectations of so many, the swift collapse of Communist Party …

Ernst Zündel, a German-Canadian publisher and civil rights activist, lives in Toronto. Born in 1939 in southwest Germany, where he was raised, he migrated to Canada at the age of 19. He attracted international notoriety during the first and second "Holocaust trials" in Toronto, 1985 and 1988. In August 1992 …

‘Why, of course, the people don’t want war… Why would some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece… But after all, it is the leaders …

Walter J. Boyne, The Influence of Air Power upon History,Pelican Publishing, Gretna 2003, 447 pp., hardcover, $29.95 Walter J. Boyne is a retired U.S. Air Force colonel and command pilot, the author of thirty-six nonfiction works and five novels on the subject of airpower. Boyne strives to detail the history …

The Price of Admiralty: The Evolution of Naval Warfare, by John Keegan. New York: Viking, 1989, hardbound, 292 pages, index, photographs, $21.95. ISBN:0-670-81416-4. Since the publication of his book The Face of Battle (1976), which skillfully blended letters, diaries and reminiscences of those actually present at the battles of Agincourt, …

In Europe's Name: Germany and the Divided Continent, by Timothy Garton Ash. New York: Random House, 1993. 680 pages. $27.50. ISBN 0394-55711-5. "Ende gut, alles gut" ("All's well that end's well"). What more can one say of the tortuous decades that led to German unification. A lot, of course, and …

Yuri N. Maltsev, a native of Russia, escaped from the Soviet Union a few years before its downfall. He is associate professor of economics at Carthage College (Kenosha, Wise.), and a senior fellow of the Ludwig von Mises Institute (Auburn, Ala. 36849-5301). This essay is reprinted from the Nov. 1994 …

A tearful account of Iraqi barbarism, which stunned millions of Americans and fueled popular enthusiasm for war against Saddam Hussein's regime, has now been definitively exposed as a propaganda hoax. In testimony before a US congressional committee, October 10, 1990, a young Kuwaiti woman, publicly identified only as "Nayirah," tearfully …

America's image today of Benito Mussolini and his Italian Fascist regime is, to a considerable extent, a product of Second World War propaganda. The wartime image of the Duce (leader) as a clownish bully remains largely intact to this day. But this was not always so. During the 1920s and …

"Militaristic" Germany? As this recent Canadian newspaper chart shows, the notion that Germany has been a particularly warlike country is a myth. Of the 278 wars fought by Europeans between 1480 and 1940, Germany was involved in only eight percent. The most "warlike" countries were England, France and Spain. (This …

For many years it has endured as a particularly striking example of the demeaning, racist way that Chinese were treated in their own country during the early decades of this century. At a time when Europeans, and especially the British, dominated much of China, a sign at the entrance to …

The International Strategic Studies Association Balkan & Eastern Mediterranean Policy Council On the eve of the dedication of a monument to Muslims killed at Srebrenica (Bosnia-Herzegovina) in 1995, a group which includes a former UN official, intelligence experts, and journalists, released a statement challenging the official alleged casualty number of …

Don Heddesheimer, The First Holocaust: Jewish Fundraising Campaigns with Holocaust Claims during and after World War One, Theses & Dissertations Press, Chicago 2003, pb., 140 pp., $9.95. George Santayana was famous for his aphorism "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." Perhaps those who believe in …

Nationalism & Antisemitism in Modern Europe 1815-1945, by Shmuel Almog. Translated from the Hebrew by Ralph Mendel. Oxford, New York, et al: Pergamon Press, 1990, 160 pp., illustrated, $56.00; ISBN 0-08-037254-6 Hardcover; ISBN 0-08-037774-2 Paperback. The addition of "Holocaust Studies" to school curriculum has emerged as a growth industry in …

A lot is known about the hunger-holocaust in the Ukraine which was triggered by Stalin in the early thirties, to which about 7 million people fell victim. It is much less known that Britain enforced a similar policy in Ireland, followed for centuries in order to break the will to …

An exploration of the Islamic Revolution in Iran and its meaning for the rest of the world can begin with three wide-ranging generalizations: The Iranian Revolution showed that religion can still be a more potent mobilizer of mass political action than can secular ideologies; The revolution challenges the cultural hegemony …

Germany is not the country it once was. On the positive side, Germans today are more prosperous and have more free time than ever. For some years now, the Bonn republic has led the world in non-working time. But today’s Germans also differ from their grandparents and great-grandparents in other, …

Daniel W. Michaels is a retired Defense Department analyst who lives in Washington, DC. After graduating in 1954 from Columbia University (Phi Beta Kappa), he studied in Tübingen, Germany (1957), with a Fulbright scholarship. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991–1992, and the end of the centrally controlled …

James J. Martin graduated from the University of New Hampshire in 1942 and received his M.A. (1945) and Ph.D. (1949) degrees in history from the University of Michigan. His teaching career has spanned 25 years and involved residence at educational institutions from coast to coast. Dr. Martin's books have included …

Bit by bit the truth, the real history of the twentieth century, comes out. The Ukrainian historian Professor Dr. Michael S. Voslensky, born 1920, an interpreter at the Nuremberg Trials and later for the Allied Control Council for Germany, reveals in a book published in Germany that before WW2 the …

The revelation that Misha Defonseca’s Misha: A Memoire of the Holocaust Years, a well received "autobiography" which has been translated into 18 languages, is a fake raises the issue of the larger Holocaust story and the evidence on which it is based. It’s much too big a topic to be …