The Deportation of Hungarian Jews from May to July 1944
A preliminary account
This content is also available in German
Published: 2001-01-12

Introduction

Jürgen Graf’s article »What happened to the Jews who were deported to Auschwitz but not registered there?” [1] as well as the response by Arthur Butz under the title »What happened to the Hungarian Jews? A response to Jürgen Graf« [2] caused new discussions within the Revisionist camp about the question about the Jewish transports from Hungary from May to June 1944. Also Richard A. Widmann [3] and Samuel Crowell [4] dealt with this subject.

The documents which I could obtain during the last years, which were still unknown to the specialists, as well as new interpretations of already known documents with a view on the new documents, made it now possible for me to form a preliminary answer to this question, which no doubt will be the starting point for future further studies.

In the Beginning

The first edition of the Kalendarium of Auschwitz [5] listed 91 transports of Jews from Hungary for the period between May 2 and October 1944. A total of 29,159 of these deportees were registered in the camp Auschwitz. [6] About the fate of the non-registered announced the Kalendarium [7] simply:

»The others were gassed.«

The French-Jewish historian Georges Wellers in his article »Essai de détermination du nombre de morts au camp d'Auschwitz« [8] based his investigation about the number of victims in the camp on D. Czech’s Kalendarium and maintained about Hungary, that 87 train loads with 437,402 Jews were shipped from that country to Auschwitz, which results in an average transport of 5,028 persons per train. After subtracting the registered – he counts 27,758 – Wellers comes to the conclusion that 409,640 Jews from Hungary died in gas chambers in Auschwitz. [9]

I criticized Weller’s study in an article Wellers e i "gasati" di Auschwitz [6] and pointed out a contradiction about the Hungarian Jews in the Kalendarium: During the Jerusalem-Eichmann trial under item 112 of the indictment it was alleged, based on a report by the Hungarian Lieutenant-Colonel Ferenczy of July 9, 1944 [10], that between the middle of May and July 6, 1944 147 trains with 434,351 Jews were deported from Hungary [11], but the Kalendarium mentions only 91 trains, of which 33 arrived in Auschwitz after July 11 (when the last train arrived from Budapest)[12]. Therefore it can be concluded, that only 58 of the trains mentioned in the Kalendarium arrived in Auschwitz, and that the remaining 33 did not exist [13]. Before I accepted this conclusion, I asked several “Holocaust” Institutes for a clarification – the Institute for Zeitgeschichte, Zentrale Stelle der Landesjustizverwaltung, the Centre de la Documentation Juive Contemporaine, the Wiener Library, Yad Vashem, the Auschwitz-museum and Wellers personally. Nobody could explain the contradiction. Finally, after I went public with the contradiction, the Auschwitz-museum answered as follows:

  1. A part of the Hungarian Jews who arrived in Auschwitz were assigned without registration to the transfer camp. A part of these was gradually registered into the camp. Therefore the registrations which took place after July 11 were not for the transports from Hungary but for internal admissions from the transfer camp.
  2. The registration of the Hungarian Jews was cumulative, so that a registration could have referred to several transports which arrived the same day.

This explanation was then adopted two years later by D. Czech in the second edition of her Kalendarium [14].

In it the author states, that a part of the Hungarian Jews, who were deported to Auschwitz, were assigned to the Sectors BIIe, BIIc, BIIb and BIII of Birkenau, which are labeled as »Durchgangslager KL Auschwitz« (transfer camp Auschwitz) [15]. The registrations of Hungarian Jews are often marked with the comment »From the transports of the RSHA from Hungary« [16], by which D. Czech indicates, that one and the same registration comprised several transports.

Hungarian Jews in the spring of 1944 at their arrival at the ramp in the KL Auschwitz-Birkenau. In the background are the chimneys of the crematoriums II and III – obviously without any smoke discharge [17]

As an aside it should be pointed out, that the Auschwitz-museum was aware of the truth about the Birkenau transfer camp already long before the publication of the first Kalendarium edition. For example Otto Wolken, a well respected witness during the trial against the first Auschwitz-commandant Rudolf Höß, declared that the Hungarian Jewesses were quartered in the beginning in the camp BIIIc, where they had to sleep in shifts; then they were transferred to the construction section III, where 50,000 of them were housed. [18]

In 1946, a year before the Höß-trial, an important Polish collection of documents contained the transcript of a letter from the administrative head of Auschwitz II (Birkenau) to the head of the central administration, in which it was stated, that the camp BII of Birkenau was »utilized as admission- and transfer-camp.« [19] It was also known, already since the Höß-trial that about 30,000 Hungarian Jews [20] who were being held in the transfer-camp and who were not registered in the camp, as was described in the second Kalendarium-edition and analyzed by myself in the following sections. This means, that the Auschwitz-museum kept silent about the truth as long as possible.

In 1989 Jean-Claude Pressac accepted my carefully formulated conclusions as explained in my writing against Wellers, that under the (unfounded) assumption, that all 91 trains mentioned in the first edition of the Kalendarium arrived in Auschwitz, one has to start with about 271,000 Hungarian Jews deported to that camp [21]. In his first Auschwitz-book Pressac still talked about 200,000 to 250,000 Hungarian Jews which were gassed in Auschwitz; [22] he obviously arrived at these numbers, by accepting the number of 271,000 Jews deported to Auschwitz which I calculated, subtracted from it the 29,000 registered in the camp and for safety reasons left a wide margin (271,000 minus 29,000 equals 242,000).

Pressac accepted in 1993 also my rigorous conclusion. He briefly summarized the above sketched problematic and wrote, that according to the 2nd edition of the Kalendarium 53 Jewish transports arrived from Hungary in Auschwitz, [23] which amounts to approximately 160,000 deportees [24]. Pressac came still up with another second number of deportees – 240,000 –, which however is based on erroneous starting numbers. He thought that 20,000 to 30,000 Hungarian Jewesses were transferred from Auschwitz to Stutthof. Together with the approximately 28,000 registered Jews and the approximately 25,000 jews transferred to other camps this would result in a number of 80,000. These – throughout employable – inmates would amount to one third of the deportees, which would give a total number of 240,000 [25]. But in actuality only about 12,100 Hungarian Jewesses were transferred to Stutthof.

Pressac granted an interview to a Valérie Igounet on June 15, 1995, in which he gave the following to protocol: [26]

»Concerning the Hungarian Jews he [Mattogno] was right, when he wrote in 1987, that the deportations took place from May to June [correctly: beginning of July], whereas Danuta Czech, the Polish editor of the “Kalendarium of the Events in the Concentration Camp Auschwitz-Birkenau 1939-1945”, as well as Georges Wellers, who used these sources unchecked, have alleged, that they lasted from May to October. Wellers refused, to get into contact with Mattogno by letter about this question, because from his point of view one does not discuss with revisionists. A super-zealous judge even issued an [international] order to arrest Mattogno, in case he should enter French territory. Czech published her “Kalendarium” in the sixties, on which Wellers based his calculation of the number of Auschwitz-victims (1.6 million instead of four million [which was at that time still alleged by the Auschwitz museum]). A corrected second edition of the “Kalendarium” came out in 1989. Of the [in the first edition] mentioned 91 transports remained only 50. Czech made a mistake and thought that the camp-internal transfers in Birkenau were transports.

Since only 50 transports remained which comprised 150,000 people instead of the originally assumed 438,000, Czech “in order to compensate” increased the number of transports which arrived in May and June – without any proof – by alleging that on this or that day “transports” instead of “a transport” arrived, by which she made herself guilty of history falsification. However no international order for the arrest of Czech was issued. About Weller’s calculation, they are worthless since the second “Kalendarium” edition, which however did not prevent the Poles to announce the erroneous results of Weller as a “serious” source.«

For the sake of completeness I would like to indicate, that Wellers wrote me a highly insulting letter and accused me that I »distort the historic truth«. Evidently he did not like it at all, that I uncovered his deceits with which the oh so honest announcer of alleged falsifiers invented 594,191 “gassed” Jews!

About the thesis of Arthur Butz I will come back at the end of this essay.

The general problem of the deportation of Hungarian Jews comprises several specific points, which necessarily have to be analyzed more closely, if one wants to arrive at a solid conclusion.

How many Hungarian Jews were Deported to Auschwitz?

On August 22, 1944 a member of the secret resistance movement in Auschwitz, who was active under the name of »Urban«, prepared a thorough statistic of the number of inmates for the day before, the 21st of August. This table includes the number of inmates per camp and by inmate-category. The total number of the prisoners according to this statistic is 104,891, distributed as follows: [27]

Auschwitz I: 15,974 [28]
Auschwitz II: 19,424
Auschwitz III: 30,539
Women Camp: 38,954 [29]

These numbers can be considered reliable, as is shown by comparing with the only documented report: According to the statistical report »Arbeitseinsatz« (work deployment) of August 21, 1944 the number of inmates in Birkenau – Auschwitz II – was 19,468 inmates, [30] which is about identical with above number.

»Urban« mentions the presence of 11,821 registered male Hungarian Jews in the camp Auschwitz. Of these 3,881 were in Auschwitz I and 7,940 in Auschwitz III (Monowitz). Additionally there were 16,187 Hungarian Jewesses quartered in the women camp of Auschwitz II [31]. Therefore there were on August 21, 1944 28,008 registered Hungarian Jews and Jewesses in the camp complex of Auschwitz.

Are these numbers reliable?

From the »Liste der Judentransporte« (list of transports of Jews) [32], which exclusively contains the registrations under the serial numbers A and B, we know, that until August 21, 1944 12,374 male Hungarian Jews as well as 15,288 Hungarian Jewesses were registered in Auschwitz, a total of 27,662 Jewish people from Hungary. But Hungarian Jews were also registered under the usual serial number. Thus of the two transports of Jews which left Hungary on April 29, 1944 were in Auschwitz on May 2, 486 men (serial numbers 186 645 to 187 130) and 616 women (serial numbers 76 385 to76 459 and 80 000 to 80 540) included in the registry.

Thus grew the number of the registered Hungarian Jews to 28,764 (12,860 men as well as 15,904 women), »Urban« however talks about 16,187 Hungarian Jews. This can be explained, because small groups of Hungarian Jews arrived with other transports. For example on April 1, 1944 at least 10 Hungarian Jews with the numbers between

177 354 and 178 122 were registered. [33]

It can be concluded, that the number of registered Jews who arrived since May 17, 1944 from Hungary, who were in Auschwitz on August 21, was about 27,500.

In his statistical report »Urban« reported: [34]

»In Birkenau are besides the above mentioned [inmates] about 30,000 non-registered Hungarian Jews, who are designated for the gas. This number is subject to variations.[…] To this has to be added – also subject to variations –the number of “Durchgangshäftlinge” (transfer prisoners), at the moment 30,000 Hungarian Jews.«

It has also has to be investigated here, how reliable these reported numbers are. For this it is quite necessary to understand how the admission procedure of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz was actual done.

The »Durchgangslager« (transfer camp) of Birkenau

After their arrival in Auschwitz the Hungarian Jews were divided into three categories:

  1. Employable, who were registered right after their arrival in the camp.
  2. Non-registered employable.
  3. Non-registered non-employable.

The prisoners who were registered right after their arrival were employed in the camp itself.

The non-registered employable came into a transfer camp, which consisted of the camp BIIc, a part of camp BIIa and later a part of the camp BIIe and the camp BIII.

A non-published, important German document sheds light on the way the reception of the prisoners, which belonged to the last category, was handled. On June 26, 1944 the direction of the camp Dachau complained to the administration of Auschwitz, that prisoners who were transferred from Auschwitz and who arrived in Kauferling, a sub-camp of Dachau, were clothed only in rags. The chief of the clothing-warehouse for inmates of Birkenau wrote a letter to the camp administration in order to justify his situation, of which I quote the most important parts: [35]

 

»In order to clarify the situation, the following describes the complete process from the arrival of the Hungarian Jewish prisoners to the train embarkation. After the arrival of the admissions in this concentration camp all civilian clothes are taken away from the prisoners and after a thorough delousing procedure these prisoners are fitted out with prison garb which is provided by the administration.

[…]

After the individual transports which arrived are clothed, they are transferred to the “Durchgangslager” (transfer camp) in Auschwitz II and taken over by the “Arbeitsdienstführer” (work leader) Uscha [Unterscharführer] Olexius. He then prepares a receipt for the types of clothes and indicates with what pieces of clothing the admitted prisoners are provided. These receipts are submitted for review. The admitted stay several days, up to 2 to 3 weeks in the transfer camp. Because of the lack of sufficient quarters 1000 to 1200 inmates are accommodated in each barrack, which are normally only suited for 300 prisoners. This condition alone results in a serious contamination of the pieces of clothing. The inmates who are quartered in the “Durchgangslager” (transfer camp) are grouped into transports and placed in “Quarantänelager” (quarantine camps) where they will stay for several days until their departure.

[…]

The clothing-department of the camp Auschwitz have clothed since May 16, 1944 until today about 57,000 inmates and prepared 48 transports with 45,132 prisoners for the departure, without receiving the least complaint until now.«

The quarantine camp was identical with camp BIIa. In Moscow J. Graf and myself discovered an important report about the purpose of this camp as “Durchgangslager” (transfer camp) for the Hungarian Jews. The document, dated July 26, 1944 survived only incomplete (the second page is missing, and the right margin is partially crumbled). The title is as follows:

»HKB Ambulance BIIa. Monthly Reports about temporary placed “u”[ngarische Juden” (Hungarian Jews)]

The report covers the time period from June 26 to July 26, 1944; from this can be deduced, that there was with great probability a previous report which dealt with the time period from the middle of May to June 15. The paragraph which is of interest to us is as follows: [36]

»During the reported time from June 26 to July 26, 1944 […gap in text…[37]] average 2,500 Hungarian Jews ready for transportation in the camp in 3 blocks, they stay 3 – 10 days in the camp.

They were subjected to a thorough medical check-up each during the admission and during the departure and checked for lice. Daily fever- and lice-check ups, lice carrier delousing in in-camp disinfestation plant, clothes and laundry disinfected in steam boilers and impregnated with “lauseto” (German anti-lice agent).

Those found seriously sick retransferred to BIIf or transferred to another camp.

On July 1, 1944 admission of 450 juvenile Hungarian Jews from BIId. […]

Because too many prisoners were housed in the blocks, up to 1000, many had to sleep on the bare concrete floor or on humid earth ground, which consequently caused frequent colds and diarrheas. The youths in “Sonderquarantäne” (special quarantine) in block 12 did not change their underwear for 10 weeks, the Hungarians in block 8 for 8 weeks. Since both groups did not belong to the same camp population, soap could not be distributed to them. Allocation of soap is urgently needed.«

"Unemployable" Hungarian Jews on the way to the ramp to an unknown place, with cooking pots and luggage. Employable prisoners on the other hand had to hand in all their possessions.[38]

There is also a report about the »POW-Construction Section III«, which was prepared on June 16, 1944 by the »Hygienist of the Construction Inspection “Silesia”«. In it are the devastating sanitary conditions in this camp sector described. The author of the report says:

»The first transport with prisoners arrived on June 9, 1944. At this time the construction section is occupied by approximately 7,000 female (Jewish) prisoners.«

It says about the quarantine measures: [39]

»Because the prisoners of the construction section III have to be called to work at an accelerated speed, an actual quarantine is not performed. In order to avoid during a possible occurrence of epidemics longer delays in the work assignments, it is necessary to subdivide through fencing the camp into four sections . This way at least part of the inmates can further be deployed or evacuated in case of occurring epidemics.«

The camp BIIc consisted of 32 dwelling barracks. According to above documents each barrack had from 1,000 to 1,200 persons penned up, so that in the average about 35,000 non-registered Hungarian Jews were in the camp. And when on June 16, 7,000 Jewesses – evidently from Hungary – were housed in Sector BIII under difficult circumstances, it is clear, that the accommodation possibilities of the camp BIIc must have been exhausted. From all this it appears, that at that time there must have been at least 42,000 non-registered Hungarian Jews in Birkenau. By the way, on October 2, 1944, 17,202 Jewesses were taken in by the camp from the transfer camp, but not registered [40]. About the female inmates the »list of prisoner transports« ended on September 20, 1944 with the number A-25378.

The highest number, which was assigned to a Hungarian Jewess, who was later, in January 1945, liberated by the Soviets, was A-27841. Her name was Ilona Schlamovitz and she was deported in May 1944. If the 17,202 above mentioned Jewesses were registered, the highest numbers of the series A- would have been higher than 42 000. Finally it is to be noted, that of the 500 Jewesses, who were evacuated from Auschwitz on about October 10 and arrived in Buchenwald on the 12th, at least 200 did not have a registration number. [41]

However, the Jewesses who were accepted into the camp on October 2 were counted separately, under the section »Durchgangs-Juden« (transfer Jews). [42]

From all that was said it can be concluded, that the number stated by »Urban« for August 21, 1944 of 30,000 non-registered Hungarian Jews is believable; the actual number was presumably even higher.

Transfers from the »Durchgangslager«.

From May 17 on a very large number of Hungarian Jews was evacuated out of the Birkenau transfer camp. Up to the 21st of August the Kalendarium (2. edition of 1989) registered a total of 21,497 of such Jews. The actual number however is more than twice as high, as can be seen from the table below, which supplements the information supplied by D. Czech with additional impeccable documented data. [43]

Transfer of Hungarian Jews out of Auschwitz-Birkenau to other Camps
DATE NUMBER CONCERNS DESTINATION
5/17 1,500 Hung. Jews KL Groß-Rosen
5/23 1,000 Hung. Jews KL Buchenwald
5/24 3,000 Hung. Jews KL Groß-Rosen
5/24 189 Hung. Jews KL Groß-Rosen
5/28 2,000 Hung. Jews KL Mauthausen
25/28 963 Hung. Jews KL Mauthausen
5/29 1,000 Hung. Jews KL Mauthausen
6/1 1,000 Hung. Jews KL Buchenwald
6/5 2,400 Hung. Jews KL Sachsenhausen
6/5 2,000 Hung. Jews KL Buchenwald
6/6 2,000 Hung. Jews KL Mauthausen
6/8 4,000 Hung. Jews KL Groß-Rosen
6/11 2,000 Hung. Jews KL Mauthausen
6/14 500 Hung. Jews KL Mauthausen
6/15 ? Hung. Jews KL Dachau (Kauferling)
6/17 1,000 Hung. Jews KL Buchenwald
6/17 1,500 Hung. Jews KL Mauthausen
6/23 434 Hung. Jews KL Buchenwald
6/29 2,502 Hung. Jewesses KL Stutthof
7/1 2,000 Hung. Jewesses KL Buchenwald
7/6 2,500 Hung. Jews KL Buchenwald
7/10 800 Hung. Jewesses KL Dachau
7/13 2,500 Hung. Jews KL Buchenwald
7/15 2,500 Hung. Jews KL Buchenwald
7/20 2,500 Hung. Jewesses KL Stutthof
7/30 530 Hung. Jewesses KL Buchenwald
8/13 1,000 Hung. Jewesses KL Buchenwald
8/14 2,800 Hung. Jewesses KL Stutthof
8/16 2,800 Hung. Jewesses KL Stutthof
8/20 270 Hung. Jews KL Buchenwald
Total: 49,188    

According to the earlier quoted report by the head of the clothing department for the inmates there were 45,132 prisoners evacuated out of Birkenau during the time period from May 15 until July 14,1944. According to above table there were during this time 49,188 prisoners deported to other camps. The difference – 4,056 prisoners – can be traced back to the transports of Hungarian Jews out of Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II.

The above mentioned numbers now make it possible for us to determine for August 21, 1944 the following numbers:

Registered Hungarian Jews in the camp: 27,500
Hungarian Jews transferred to other camps 49,200
Non-registered Hungarian Jews in the transfer camp 30,000
Total about: 106,700

Therefore we arrived so far at the well founded conclusion, that the number of employable Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz was at least 106,700.

Were only Employable Jews Deported from Hungary?

In a report dated May 26, 1944 Eberhard von Thadden, an expert on Jews within the German Foreign Ministry, wrote: [44]

»According to the observations so far, about 1/3 of the deported Jews are able to work. They are immediately after their arrival in the camp Auschwitz distributed to the agencies of Gauleiter Sauckel, the OT [Organization Todt] etc.«

The photographs in the Album d’Auschwitz, to which I will return later, show clearly, that also Hungarian Jews who were unable to work (disabled, old people and children) arrived. [45] Therefore employable as well as non-employable Jews were deported from Hungary.

That only one third of these deportees were suitable for work deployment, as von Thadden noted, is also confirmed by a letter which Ernst Kaltenbrunner wrote on June 30, 1944 to the SS-Brigadeführer Blaschke, which was about Hungarian Jews which were sent to Straßhof in Austria: [46]

»According to the experiences so far these transports will consist of an estimated 30% (in this case about 3,600) employable Jews […]«

Accordingly there have to be for about 106,700 employable Jews about twice as many – about 213,400 – non-employable, which results in a total number of Jews who were deported from Hungary to Auschwitz of appr. 320,000.

The Criteria for the Selection of Employable Jews

The criteria for the selection of employable Jews were quite flexible. The 300 Hungarian Jews who were registered on August 14, 1944 from the transfer camp of Birkenau, were assigned the numbers B-5860 to B-6159. They were then sent to work in the refineries of Trzebinia, a sub camp of Auschwitz [47]. A further 101 Jews from Hungary were registered with the numbers B-10072 to B-10172 and sent to the same refinery.[48]

These inmates belonged to the following age groups:

Age Group on August 14 Group on September 15
14 years (1930) 9 0
15 years (1929) 106 7
16 years (1928) 84 8
17 years (1927) 29 4
18-20 years 22 7
21-30 years 14 9
31-40 years 24 20
41-50 years 7 32
51-60 years 3 12
61-68 years 2 2
Total 300 101

On July 3rd 174 Hungarian Jews of the transfer camp were registered with the numbers A-15857 to A-16030. On the list with the names are two children of 11 and 8 years: Laszlo Leszlauer, born in Budapest on March 2, 1933, Number A-15952, and Isnac Herskowitz, born in Czanahosz on February 4, 1936, Number A-15922. [49]

The already quoted report of July 26, 1944 mentions, that on July 1,450 young Hungarian Jews were transferred from the camp BII/d to the quarantine camp BIIa. The youths who were later sent to Trzebinia presumably came from this group.

A further point: Those 578 Hungarian Jews, who were still in Auschwitz at the time of the Soviet liberation, belonged to the following age groups:[50]

1 to 10 years : 29
11 to 14 years: 52
15 to 49 years: 433
50 to 60 years: 50
61 to 70 years: 9
71 to 79 years: 3
Age unknown: 2

In contrast to the adults, the children were mostly twins [51]. The historian Szita Szabolcs, who prepared among others the most thoroughly documented study about the Jews who were deported to Straßhof, gives the following information about the age groups of the 16,600 who were sent to that camp:[52]

Age Male Female
0-2 Years 200 250
3-6 Years 500 500
7-12 Years 900 900
13-14 Years 400 350
15-20 Years 800 1,300
Over 31 Years [sic] 4,500 6,000
Totals: 7,300 9,300

Straßhof was certainly a special case, but it should be noted, that in Austria also inmates were conscripted to work who were theoretically not able to work. S. Szabolcs published a letter of the Technical Emergency Help. Office Bad-Vöslau to BdS and SD., Sondereinsatzkommando for Hungarian Jews, Aussenkommando Vienna II, which mentions a list of 42 Hungarian Jews who were working »for the construction of a SS-hospital since October 1, 1944«. This letter mentions further: [52]

»These Jews are from the camp Straßhof and worked in Klein-Mariazell and Bernhof for the construction of temporary housings after the catastrophic thunder-storms.«

These were therefore people who were actually employed to work. The lists mentions 13 Jews with over 70 years, one each of 15, 13 and 10 years, two of eight and one of four years. The oldest, Arnold Singer, born March 28, 1868 was 76 years old, the youngest, Agnes Anisfeld, born August 31, 1940, counted 4 years.

Although the non-registered Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz were quartered in the transfer camp under primitive conditions – because as we shall see later the camp administration was not prepared to receive such masses of people -, did the SS-people not only not “gass” the sick, but treated them medically, and if necessary even with surgical incisions. The earlier quoted report of June 28, 1944 includes the following information about the medical and sanitary care of these Hungarian Jews: [53]

»Medical Treatment:

During the reported time 3,138 inmates were treated in the hospital. Of these:

 

Surgical Cases 1426
Diarrhea 327
Constipation 253
Angina 79
Diabetes 4
Heart Condition 25
Scabies 62
Pneumonia 75
Influenza 136
Internal Disorders 268
Others 449
Infections:  
Scarlet Fever 5
Mumps 16
Measles 5
Erysipelas 5.«

Abbreviations:

AFB: Archivio Federale, Bundesarchiv, Bern.
AGK: Archiwum Głównej Komisji badania zbrodni hitlerowskich w Polsce (Archiv der Kommission zur Erforschung der Hitler-Verbrechen in Polen), Warschau.
AMS: Archiwum Muzeum Stutthof .
APMO: Archiwum Państwowego Muzeum Oświęcim-Brezinka (Archiv des Staatlichen Museums Auschwitz-Birkenau).
GARF: Gosudarstwenni Archiv Rossiskoi Federatsii (Staatliches Archiv der Russischen Föderation), Moskau.
RGVA: Rossiiskij Gosudarstvenniy Vojenniy Archiv (Staatliches russisches Kriegsarchiv, ehemals Tsentr Chranenija Istoriko-dokumental'nich Kollektsi (TCIDK, Zentrum zur Aufbewahrung geschichtlich-dokumentarischer Sammlungen, Moskau).
ROD: Rijksinstituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie (Reichsinstitut für Kriegsdokumentation), Amsterdam.

Notes

Translated from: “Die Deportation ungarischer Juden von Mai bis Juli 1944”, http://vho.org/VffG/2001/4/Mattogno381-395.html

Carlo Mattogno wrote this article in April 2001 and revised in July 2001. Translated by Jürgen Graf from Italian to German.

[1]
VffG, 4(2) (2000), S. 140-149; englisch: The Journal of Historical Review, July-August 2000, p. 19-28.
[2]
VffG, 4(3&4) (2000), p. 277-284; englisch: The Journal of Historical Review, July-August 2000, p. 19-28.
[3]
»Transfers to the Reich. The Unregistered Inmates of Auschwitz«, The Journal of Historical Review, March-April 2000, p. 21-25.
[4]
»Beyond Auschwitz. New Light on the Fate of the Hungarian Jews«, ebenda, p. 26-35.
[5]
Danuta Czech, Kalendarium der Ereignisse im Konzentrationslager Auschwitz-Birkenau, publiziert in Hefte von Auschwitz, Wydawnictwo Państwowego Muzeum w Oświęcimiu, Hefte 2, 1959; 3, 1960; 4, 1961; 6, 1962; 7 & 8, 1964.
[6]
Compare the complete list of the transports in my study Wellers e i "gasati" di Auschwitz, Edizione la Sfinge, Parma, March 1987, p. 51-54.
[7]
Hefte von Auschwitz, 7, 1965, p. 91.
[8]
Le Monde Juif, octobre-décembre 1983, Nr. 112, p. 127-159.
[9]
Ibid., p. 147 and 153.
[10]
At that time I did not have access to the text of this report.
[11]
Le procès de Jérusalem. Jugement-Documents. Introduction de Léon Poliakov. Calman-Lévy, Paris 1963, p. 199.
[12]
Edmund Veesenmeyer, German ambassador in Budapest, listed a number of 437.402 deportess until July 9, 1944. NG-5615.
[13]
Wellers e i "gasati" di Auschwitz, aaO. (Note 6), p. 18-20, 37, 39.
[14]
Danuta Czech, Kalendarium der Ereignisse im Konzentrationslager Auschwitz-Birkenau 1939-1945, Rowohlt Verlag, Reinbeck bei Hamburg 1989.
[15]
Ibid., p. 699.
[16]
Ibid., p. 777.
[17]
L'Album d'Auschwitz, Editions du Seuil, Paris 1983, Photo No. 6, p. 51.
[18]
AGK, NTN, 88. p. 46.
[19]
N. Blumenthal, Dokumenty i materiały, Lodz 1946, p. 95.
[20]
D. Czech, Kalendarium..., Edition of 1989, p. 860.
[21]
The number results from this calculation: [(437.402 : 147) x 91=] about 271.000.
[22]
Jean-Claude Pressac, Auschwitz: Technique and Operation of the Gas Chambers, Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, New York 1989, p. 253.
[23]
In reality only 57 transports arrived.
[24]
J.-C. Pressac, Die Krematorien von Auschwitz. Die Technik des Massenmordes, Piper Verlag, München/Zürich 1994, S. 198-199. Den Anhang »Die Zahl der ungarischen Juden, die nach Auschwitz kamen, und ihre Sterblichkeitsrate« (The Number of Hungarian Jews who came to Auschwitz and their Rate of Death) is not in the original French edition.
[25]
Ibid., p. 171 and 173.
[26]
»Entretien avec Jean-Claude Pressac«, in: Valérie Igounet, Histoire du Négationnisme en France, Editions du Seuil, Paris 2000, p. 643-64.
[27]
AGK, NTN, 155, p. 115.
[28]
The original states "15971" because of an error in the calculation.
[29]
The original states "39234" because of another error in the calculation.
[30]
APMO, D-AuII-3a/39, p. 71.
[31]
Women concentration camp.
[32]
APMO, D-RO/123.
[33]
AGK, NTN, 156, p. 140-146.
[34]
AGK, NTN, 155, p. 95 and 96.
[35]
AGK, NTN, 88, p. 111-113.
[36]
GARF, 7021-108-32, p 76.
[37]
A gap in the text.
[38]
L'Album d'Auschwitz, aaO. (Note 17), Photos 163 & 165, S. 185, 187.
[39]
RGVA, 502-1-168, p. 6-6a.
[40]
APMO, D-AU II 3a, p. 5a.
[41]
APMO, D-Bu-3/1/5.
[42]
In the reports under Arbeitseinsatz des F.L. Birkenau (work deployment in the women camp Birkenau) from October 5, 1944. APMO, D-AuII-3a/1a-4c.
[43]
About the transferred to Stutthof see AMS; about the deported to Mauthausen see AGK; to Groß-Rosen see Isabell Sprenger, Groß-Rosen. Ein Konzentrationslager in Schlesien, Böhlau Verlag, Köln/Weimar/Wien 1996.
[44]
NG-2190.
[45]
L'Album d'Auschwitz, aaO. (Note 17).
[46]
PS-3803.
[47]
AGK, NTN, 145, p. 82-92 (list of names).
[48]
Ibid., p. 92-95.
[49]
ROD, c(21.23)32, No. 1866 and 1836 of the List.
[50]
GARF, 7021-108-26, p. 1-16; 108-22/23.
[51]
See also the interesting article by Jean-Marie Boisdefeu »A propos des jumeux d'Auschwitz« (About the Twins of Auschwitz), Etudes rėvisionnistes, vol. 1, p. 257-267, in which the author comes to the conclusion that about 118,500 Hungarian Jews were deported to Auschwitz, which is based on a method of calculation which is in my opinion insufficiently documented.
[52]
Szita Szabolcs, Utak a pokolból. Magyar deportálak as annektált Ausztriában 1944-1945 (Ways out of Hell. Deported to Austria), Metalon Manager Iroda Kft, Kesckem?t 1991, p. 97.
[53]
GARF, 7021-108-32, p. 76.



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Author(s): Carlo Mattogno
Title: The Deportation of Hungarian Jews from May to July 1944, A preliminary account
Sources: Vierteljahreshefte für freie Geschichtsforschung 5(4) (2001), pp. 381-395
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Published: 2001-01-12
First posted on CODOH: Dec. 30, 2001, 6 p.m.
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